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Title: El arzobispo de Bogotá a los señores directores de instrucción pública del estado de Cundinamarca, y miembros del Consejo de Instrucción Primaria del distrito de Bogotá.
Creator: Arbeláez, Vicente, 1822-1884
Publication Info: Bogotá : Imprenta del Tradicionalista, 1872.
Physical Details: 12 p. ; 20 9/10 x 14 5/10 cms.
Physical Condition: Wrappers gone. Slightly foxed and stapled, but otherwise, fair.

Summary: In this document Archbishop Arbeláez protests the constitutional decree that abolished mandatory Catholic education for students. This decree states that religious education should be in the hands of priests and the family. However, in 1872 new regulations were introduced in which schools could include religion as a subject of study. Archbishop Arbeláez argues that only the clergy is entitled to impart religious education, and presents his concern that some religion teacher positions had been filled by Protestant missionaries who were neither Catholics nor Colombians.
Historical Notes: In 1870 the central government initiated reforms to create a public education system throughout Colombia. The three central features of this reform were: to establish free and obligatory elementary, middle, and high schools; to institute secular education; and to create an education system which would promote the liberal ideas of the government. After Independence, Liberal and Conservative governments followed the principle of “patronato,” which argued that the church should be subordinate to the laws of the nation state. However, depending on the degree of radicalism of the party leader, conservative governments generally tended to favor a privileged role for the Catholic Church. Under the leadership of Mariano Ospina Rodríguez (president from 1857-61) the government supported the return of the Jesuits to Colombia, helping to place them in charge of public education institutions and allowing them to found new schools (264, 268-9). Jaramillo Uribe, Jaime 1982 El Proceso de la Educación. In Manual de Historia de Colombia. J.G. Cobo Borda and S. Mutis Durán, eds. Pp. 249-336. Bogotá: Procultura.
Donor Notes: The prelate respectfully objects to protestant teachers in the Cundinamarca state primary school system. - J.L.H.

Subject(s): Education, Elementary -- Colombia -- Cundinamarca (Department)
Education -- Colombia -- History -- 19th century
Church and education -- Colombia
Catholic Church -- Education -- Colombia
Cundinamarca (Colombia : Department) -- Social conditions -- 19th century
Arbeláez, Vicente, 1822-1884

Type: Pamphlet
Language: Spanish
Format: JPG
PDF - Color
Donor: Helguera, J. León
Collection: Helguera, J. León Collection
Institution: Vanderbilt University
Accession Number: P02723
Record Number: 99
Islandora ID: islandora:7779