Detailed Description

Title: La guerra a las escuelas y a la Universidad Nacional
Creator: Anonymous
Publication Info: Bogotá : Imprenta de Vapor de Zalamea Hermanos, 1884.
Physical Details: 18 p. ; 23 7/10 x 16 cms.
Physical Condition: Wrappers quite yellowed on edges. Interior pages slightly yellow, but in fairly good shape..

Summary: This document describes the contrasting positions the Liberal and Conservative parties held concerning public education at the university level. It outlines changes that public education suffered under the rule of each party, and the role of the Catholic Church.
Historical Notes: In 1870 the central government initiated reforms to create a public education system throughout Colombia. The three central features of this reform were: to establish free and obligatory elementary, middle, and high schools; to institute secular education; and to create an education system which would promote the liberal ideas of the government. After Independence, Liberal and Conservative governments followed the principle of “patronato,” which argued that the church should be subordinate to the laws of the nation state. However, depending on the degree of radicalism of the party leader, conservative governments generally tended to favor a privileged role for the Catholic Church. Under the leadership of Mariano Ospina Rodríguez (president from 1857-61) the government supported the return of the Jesuits to Colombia, helping to place them in charge of public education institutions and allowing them to found new schools (264, 268-9). Jaramillo Uribe, Jaime 1982 El Proceso de la Educación. In Manual de Historia de Colombia. J.G. Cobo Borda and S. Mutis Durán, eds. Pp. 249-336. Bogotá: Procultura.
Donor Notes: A liberal defense of the National University of Bogotá, against its clerical critics--defending freedom of instruction and teaching. - J.L.H.

Subject(s): Education, Higher -- Colombia -- 19th century
Church and education -- Colombia

Type: Pamphlet
Language: Spanish
Donor: Helguera, J. León
Collection: Helguera, J. León Collection
Institution: Vanderbilt University
Accession Number: P01261
Record Number: 96